Table of Contents
Found a little hedgehog in your garden or on the street, and you don’t know what to do? Here are some tips to help him! many people get a question? i have a hedgehog in my garden what do i do? you can find some hedgehog facts here that you must know.
Good to know: the hedgehog is now one of the endangered species. Indeed, if nothing is done, in barely 10 years, it could have completely disappeared …
1. Don’t hurt it (Most Important for Europeans)
The most important thing you should know is that the European hedgehog is a protected species. So you don’t have the right to hurt it, kill it, sell it or keep it locked up in your home. Hedgehogs are wild animals, not domestic animals.
Note that the European hedgehog looks precisely like the North American porcupine, but in a miniature version! It is a perfect size, measuring around 30 cm, compared to the porcupine’s 90 cm. It also weighs less than a kilo (compared to 12 for the porcupine).
2. Ban pesticides from your garden
If you have found it in your garden, you can leave it there. The hedgehog is the gardener’s friend because it is insectivorous: It eats caterpillars, slugs, snails and earthworms. But its diet can also consist of small animals, such as mice and frogs. Therefore, the hedgehog is a prey, in particular for the owl and the fox, but also a predator. It also has a very developed sense of smell and hearing.
If a hedgehog no longer leaves your garden and you don’t want to harm it, permanently remove the chemicals (insecticides, herbicides, etc.) that you use in your garden.
And be careful when using the mower as this tiny mammal could be hiding under a pile of leaves. Indeed, it spends the day under leaves or a bush and does not go hunting until dusk. We, therefore, say that the hedgehog is a semi-nocturnal animal.
3. Build him a shelter
In winter, hedgehogs need shelter. You can find prefabricated lodges sold in garden centers, or you can build a nest yourself with fallen leaves and wood.
4. Move it away from the road
On the other hand, if you want to move it, you will have to grab it. When taking it, the hedgehog will curl up because its spikes are its only means of defense. Catch the small animal with garden gloves or a slightly thick cloth so as not to bite yourself.
The hedgehog should not bite you unless it is injured. In any case, it cannot transmit its fleas to you because they are not transmissible to humans. To move it, you can place it in a box. Then, all you have to do is drop it off at the place that suits it best (preferably when it is dark and very far from a road).
5. Treat him
If you find an injured hedgehog, place it in a box with rags (handkerchiefs, etc.) in a warm place. The ideal is even to place it on a hot water bottle. Please protect it from flies as they could lay their eggs between its spikes. Add a bowl of water and kibble for cats so that the animal can eat (no milk, no bread, no sugar).
If the hedgehog is seriously injured, the wisest thing to do is take him to the vet. If it is a female, move her only in an extreme emergency as her young may starve.
Note that, in nature, a hedgehog life expectancy is between 8 to 10 years.